Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer is committed to a vote at some point on the marriage equality bill, but has been circumspect about the timing. He said in August we will have a vote on it. Not giving you a timetable, and emphasized the impending confirmation of Circuit Court judges.

Theres a host of questions facing congressional leaders, in addition to voting on marriage equality, like capping insulin costs, how to approve energy permitting reform sought by Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.), and what strategy to use on funding the government. Theres also the question of whether the Senate will slash its October session.

Collins would like to see pre-election consideration of Electoral Count Act reform, an effort aimed at preventing another Jan. 6. For now, Democrats are committed to little other than confirming judges and funding the government after a surprisingly fruitful summer session of legislating on firearm access, climate and taxes, microchip manufacturing and veterans benefits.


Still, Sen. Tim Kaine (D-Va.) advocated votes on marriage equality and insulin costs, even if Republicans block them.

It just shows these are very popular, the American public overwhelmingly supports them. And itll show the public if we cant get there, how far we have to go to get there, Kaine said.

Here are the five big questions for the fall congressional session:

Same-sex marriage

The toughest political question for Schumer is whether to hold a vote on House-passed legislation codifying marriage protections. Hes held off on it so far; aides say its because he wants it to pass rather than force the GOP into a hard vote.

A spokesperson for Wisconsin Sen. Tammy Baldwin, the lead Democratic sponsor of the bill, said she will meet with GOP colleagues when the Senate returns from the August recess to compare notes on their outreach efforts to build more support from Senate Republicans.

The bills backers say theyre confident it will have the 10 Republican votes necessary to break a filibuster. So far three Republican senators have publicly said theyll vote for it: Collins, Rob Portman of Ohio and Thom Tillis of North Carolina. Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) has spoken positively of the push and said that shed review the bill.

Sen. Ron Johnson (R-Wis.) said in July he saw no reason to oppose the bill but is now pushing for a religious freedom amendment before declaring support. Notably, Johnson is up for reelection.

Baldwin and Collins are working on an amendment to clarify that the bill will not affect religious liberty or conscience protections.

Were in pretty good shape, Collins said.


Democrats included a cap on insulin prices for Medicare in their August party-line legislation, but the $35 ceiling for private insurance fell short. Collins said that episode makes passing her broader insulin prices bill with Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.) more difficult.

Sen. Jeanne Shaheen listens during a hearing on Aug. 2, 2022, on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C.


Mariam Zuhaib/AP Photo

Shaheen said that while the new law for Medicare tucked into the Inflation Reduction Act is important, those provisions are only the beginning.

I believe we can build on that progress in the weeks ahead. Ill do everything in my power to get legislation on the Senate floor to finally bring relief to the millions of Americans relying on access to lifesaving insulin, Shaheen said.

The policy is also a top priority for Sen. Raphael Warnock (D-Ga.), who faces a competitive reelection campaign. And like same-sex marriage, the vote could be a tough one for Republicans. Seven Republicans in August voted with Democrats to cap insulin costs.

Government funding

Party leaders have just four weeks to avert a looming government shutdown on Oct. 1. The House will likely vote its first week of session the week of Sept. 13 on a short-term funding bill that carries lawmakers past the elections. That would punt all the real decision-making until the lame-duck session, likely around mid-December.

It doesnt mean a short-term deal will be easy. Lawmakers need to grapple with Manchins permitting demands which could easily be thrown into the funding fight as well as a key FDA user fees program, which makes up nearly half of the agencys annual budget. If the two parties fail to reach an agreement, thousands of FDA workers face layoffs. The Biden administration also wants money to fight coronavirus and monkeypox, as well as money for Ukraine and disaster aid.

Anything leftover could be added to the post-election lame duck, when Democrats and Republicans will need to reach a multi-trillion dollar spending deal. Some top lawmakers feel positive momentum.

Weve got a lot of good things going for us to get a deal, Rep. Tom Cole (R-Okla.) said, pointing to a likely shift in control of Congress on at least one side. Our leadership very much wants to get it done.

Permitting reform

Democratic leaders struck a deal with Manchin this summer for permitting reform before the end of September. Behind the scenes, Senate Democrats are circulating a summary that emphasizes how the bill will also aid clean energy projects.

For the moment, aides expect it to be included in a short-term government funding bill. But changes to those rules, which oversee permits for various energy projects, are already facing snags in the House.

House Natural Resources Committee Chair Raúl Grijalva speaks at Capitol in Washington, D.C., on March 28, 2022.


J. Scott Applewhite/AP Photo

House Natural Resources Chair Raúl Grijalva fiercely opposes any effort to link Manchins permitting efforts to a must-pass bill, such as the spending bill or this falls defense policy bill. Hes preparing to send a letter calling for party leaders to have a separate standalone vote instead, which so far has the signatures of 47 Democrats and counting.

Grijalva made clear that he and his colleagues feel no obligation to the Senate-made deal. I hate to be blunt about it: The IRA passed and signed into law. And he said tying any language to the government funding would be akin to forcing House Democrats to vote with a gun at our head.

Asked if he would be willing to block government funding, Grijalva said he was focused on one step at a time, but cautioned: If its forced onto a must-pass piece of legislation, then that bridge is going to have to be crossed.

He and other Democrats would rather see it offered as a stand-alone bill, though its unclear if that could pass. Kaine said members are very willing to take it up, but lets have an opportunity to shape it and decide whether it meets our standard or not.

October session?

The Senate is scheduled to be in session for two weeks in October, but its possible that Schumer cancels part of the session to allow incumbents to campaign back home in Georgia, Arizona, Nevada, New Hampshire and Colorado.House Democrats, too, are looking to limit their time in the Capitol during prime campaign season.

That could push a host of issues into December, from finishing a bipartisan spending deal to Electoral Count Act reform to the National Defense Authorization Act. And if Democrats lose the Senate, they will be under immense pressure to confirm as many lifetime judges as possible.