CONTRIBUTORSJudith Hawley at Royal Holloway, University of London

Miles Taylor at Humboldt, University of Berlin

Mark Knights at the University of Warwick



John Arbuthnot (eds Robert A. Erickson and Alan A. Bower), The

History of John Bull (first published 1712; Oxford University Press, 1976)

Conal Condren, Satire, Lies and Politics: The Case of Dr

Arbuthnot (Palgrave Macmillan, 1997)

Tamara L. Hunt, Defining John Bull: Political Caricature

and National Identity in Late Georgian England (Routledge, 2003)

Mark Knights, Representation and Misrepresentation in

Later Stuart Britain: Partisanship and Political Culture (Oxford University

Press, 2006)

Mark Knights and Adam Morton (eds.), The Power of

Laughter and Satire in Early Modern Britain, 1500-1820 (Boydell &

Brewer, 2017)

Paul Langford, Englishness Identified: Manners and

Character, 1650-1850 (Oxford University Press, 2000)

Peter Mandler, The English National Character: The

History of an Idea from Edmund Burke to Tony Blair (Yale University Press,


Ben Rogers, Beef and Liberty: Roast Beef, John Bull and

the English Nation (Chatto and Windus, 2003)

Miles Taylor, John Bull and the Iconography of Public

Opinion in England c.1712-1929 (Past & Present, vol 134, issue 1,

February 1992)

Adrian Teal, Georgian John Bull (History Today, vol

64, issue 1, Jan 2014)


John Bull, fictitious epitomist of Englishness and British

imperialism – Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

John Bull and Uncle Sam: Four Centuries of British American

Relations – Library of Congress

John Bull Wikipedia