House Democrats on Monday sent a letter to Secretary of State Antony BlinkenAntony BlinkenThe Hill’s Morning Report – Presented by Facebook – Biden to hit road, tout COVID-19 relief lawBlinken, Austin op-ed: Alliances are ‘force multipliers’ for AmericaKosovo opens embassy in JerusalemMORE urging the Biden administration to do more to pressure the Israeli government on distributing vaccines for Palestinians.

Israel has led one of the most successful vaccination campaigns in the world, with over nearly half of its population fully vaccinated and eligibility extended to non-citizens, including Palestinian workers traveling from the West Bank.

But the Israeli government has come under scrutiny for not rolling out a full-fledged vaccination campaign for Palestinians living in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

Rep. Mark PocanMark William PocanDemocrats cut deals to bolster support for relief billProgressives grumble but won’t sink relief bill over fewer stimulus checksDemocrats don’t trust GOP on 1/6 commission: ‘These people are dangerous’MORE (D-Wis.), co-chair of the House Progressive Caucus, and Rep. Andre CarsonAndré CarsonDemocrats debate fast-track for infrastructure packageDemocrats spar over COVID-19 vaccine strategyCongressional Black Caucus unveils ‘100 Day Plan’MORE (R-Ind.), led 17 colleagues in a letter to the secretary calling for the State Department to take additional action to ensure that the Israeli government provide COVID-19 vaccines and facilitate vaccination programs for Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza.

We understand that you have asked Israel to facilitate the transfer of vaccines to the West Bank and Gaza and we welcome and appreciate your intervention. We believe you must continue to push the Israeli government to take action until there is a comprehensive vaccination program in place for Palestinians living under Israeli rule, the lawmakers wrote.

State Department Deputy Spokesperson Jalina Porter said she had not seen the letter from House Democrats and was unable to comment, when asked by The Hill during a briefing with reporters on Monday.

United Nations human rights experts and international groups have said Israel is obligated to provide vaccinations to Palestinians, under the terms of the Fourth Geneva Convention to maintain health services in an occupied territory.

Yet the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin NetanyahuBenjamin (Bibi) NetanyahuMORE maintains that the Palestinian Authority has the responsibility to vaccinate its population under the terms of the Oslo Accords, the 1993 agreement that established the Palestinian governing body.

The Israeli government has earmarked at least 5,000 vaccines for Palestinians in the West Bank, mostly health workers, although only 2,000 shots have reportedly been delivered.

The Palestinian Authority is aiming to secure 20 percent of its needed vaccines from COVAX, the global initiative for equitable vaccine distribution, according to a report published last month from the World Bank.

While the Palestinian Ministry of Health plans to purchase additional vaccines to cover 60 percent of its population, it faces a $30 million shortfall to afford the number of needed vaccines. The World Bank report called for improved coordination between the Palestinian Authority and Israel to control COVID-19 and administer the vaccine.