The Gulf Cooperation Councils borrowing requirements could drop to $10 billion over the next three years from about $270 billion, if oil prices continue to stay elevated, according to

Goldman Sachs Group Inc.

If prices for the commodity average $65 a barrel and all else is equal, borrowing needs for the six countries comprising the council would drop 96% from what theyd be if oil traded at $45, Farouk Soussa, an economist at the bank wrote in a report.

Oil prices have rallied almost 80% since the start of November to about $70 a barrel as major economies roll out coronavirus vaccines and the OPEC cartel — which is dominated by GCC member Saudi Arabia — implement deep production cuts.

Reaching Equilibrium?

Oil trades higher than the price most exporters need to balance budgets

Source: IMF, Bloomberg data

Note: Brent crude prices as of Sunday, March 14.


OPEC+ Surprise Sends Oil Past Gulf Budget-Balancing Levels

The average price needed to balance GCC members current accounts is relatively lower at $50 per barrel, Goldman said, giving comfort regarding the external outlook and the resilience of currency pegs, even if prices decline from current levels.

The implications for sovereign balance sheets, creditworthiness and debt markets would be significant, according to Soussa, but we highlight the likelihood that some of the fiscal space afforded by higher oil prices is likely to be erased by higher spending.

Gulf sovereigns raised about $63 billion in bonds and sukuk last year.

More from Goldman:

  • Kuwait is likely to have the biggest improvement in its budget balance from high oil levels, with its shortfall narrowing by around 15 percentage points of gross domestic product this year.
    • Still, the sovereign is facing a liquidity squeeze that cannot be remedied by higher oil prices alone.
  • Over the next three years, Saudi Arabias net debt is seen rising to a still manageable level at 38% of GDP.
  • Qatars fiscal balance is seen swinging from a 5% deficit to a surplus of 5% of GDP.
  • Oman and Bahrain will probably benefit most from higher oil prices, given their weaker external and fiscal positions.
  • Other countries in the region are seen having a more modest improvement of between 2-4 percentage points of GDP compared with official budgeting.

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