Google parent

Alphabet Inc.

GOOG 1.61%


posted another quarter of strong sales growth, capping a year when profit nearly doubled despite mounting regulatory pressure that threatens the search giants future.The companys dominance in online search, video and internet ad sales made it one of last years leading beneficiaries of an upswing in digital advertising. Last year, small and large businesses alike flooded into the ad market in a bid to win customers who spent early parts of the pandemic sequestered in their homes.SHARE YOUR THOUGHTS

What do you find most meaningful in Googles quarterly report? Join the conversation below.

Alphabet on Tuesday reported fourth-quarter revenue of $75.33 billion, an increase of 32% from a year earlier when ad spending began to swell in anticipation that the economy would snap back in 2021 after the Covid-19 pandemic receded. Profit rose by a third, closing out a year when the company recorded its fourth largest annual profit since going public in 2004.

The company also said that it would do a 20-for-1 split of its stock. The move comes on the heels of

Apple Inc.


Tesla Inc.

TSLA -0.58%

doing the same in recent years.

The quarterly sales gain was the lowest the company has recorded for a three-month period since late 2020 and marks a deceleration from the 41% increase reported in the July-to-September quarter. The moderating growth has divided investors, with some optimistic Google will extend its momentum over the coming year as Covid-19 wanes and travel returns, while others fear TikTok will dent YouTubes video dominance and rising costs will cut into margins.

The divide has been apparent in the companys share performance this year. After rising 65% last year, shares fell more than 10% in January amid a broad market selloff. Shares rose about 7% in after-hours trading on Tuesday.

The results were the first in a series to come from techs leading ad companies.


FB 1.83%


Meta Platforms Inc.

reports on Wednesday and

Snap Inc.

SNAP 3.44%

will post results on Thursday.

Future Fund Active ETF


Gary Black

shrugged off Alphabets sliding share price in recent weeks, saying he expects Alphabet to maintain its momentum as ad dollars shift to YouTube and search from traditional TV.

If youre




youre looking for ways to communicate with your target audience and people dont watch TV anymore, said Mr. Black, whose fund has $100 million under management and counts Alphabet as its second-largest holding.

Apple and Google have one of Silicon Valleys most famous rivalries, but behind the scenes they maintain a deal worth $8 billion to $12 billion a year according to a U.S. Department of Justice lawsuit. Heres how they came to depend on each other. Photo illustration: Jaden Urbi

The biggest peril for Google comes from regulators in the U.S. and Europe who are filing lawsuits and proposing legislation to curtail its dominance. In the U.S., the company faces separate antitrust lawsuits against its ad-tech, search and app-store businesses, as well as state cases over claims it deceptively collected customers location information. It also faces proposed legislation that would limit tech companies ability to favor their own businesses, as well as a new bill being led by

Sen. Mike Lee

(R., Utah) that would force it to divest its ad-tech unit.

At best, the challenges will saddle the company with legal fees and discourage acquisitions that could draw regulators ire, according to analysts. At worst, the company could be forced to unload some business units to comply with judicial rulings or new laws.

UBS Securities LLC analyst

Lloyd Walmsley

said in a note to clients that the onslaught should inspire the company to add a dividend for the first time, because putting money in shareholders pockets might help with goodwill as regulation heats up.

Much of Googles growth over the past year came from more e-commerce advertisers eager to reach customers whose product searches begin online. When the pandemic necessitated that local business expand into e-commerce, Google partnered with

Shopify Inc.

to simplify search listings and ad purchases for millions of merchants.

Total advertising sales rose by a third to $61.24 billion in the December quarter. YouTube was a major contributor with sales of $8.63 billion, bringing its total for the year to $28.85 billion, about $850 million less than

Netflix Inc.,

the streaming-media subscription service.

Technology Alert

Major news in the technology sector.

As the internets largest video destination, YouTube has become an increasingly popular alternative to traditional TV. The company has leaned into its position at the forefront of the creator economy, ditching efforts to create premium shows in favor of nurturing homegrown stars such as MrBeast. It plans to spend big over the coming year to maintain its pre-eminence in video by funding a TikTok alternative, YouTube Shorts, and adding live shopping.

YouTube has created this new generation of entrepreneurs and celebrities who are attracting more and more viewers, said Mike Frazier, president of Bedell Frazier Investment Counselling, which manages about $500 million and counts Google among its top-10 holdings. Its sticky and the advertisers covet that.

Google has been pressed by investors to diversify beyond a digital-ad business that still accounts for more than 80% of total sales. The company has invested heavily in building out a cloud-computing division that can compete with established players Inc.


Microsoft Corp.

, which account for 41% and 20% of the market, respectively.

In a bid to boost its 6% market share, Google has taken equity stakes in companies such as

CME Group Inc.

in exchange for long-term cloud contracts. The strategy helped Googles cloud sales to rise 45% to $5.54 billion in the period.

Write to Tripp Mickle at [email protected]

Copyright ©2022 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 87990cbe856818d5eddac44c7b1cdeb8